The concept of Urbanization refers to increase in the population in urban areas as compared to rural areas. With the passage of time, more people from villages and small town shift towards big cities for better employment and life style.
There are two kinds of factors why rural people seek for urban life. The first
one is urban pull factor. They dream for higher wages, better housing and
utilities, better school and hospital, more jobs opportunity, and more
experience that they can get it all from a living in big cities as they think.
The second one is urban push factor. We know that most of rural areas people are
farmers. There’,s not much else to do anymore in the village but wait for
harvest time and without higher level of education, availability of media, or
facilities that they need, they might be stimulated to move to urban areas.
But after they reached what they called their dreamland, most of them must face
more problems than what they had when they lived in villages. They will face
some problems because of their insufficient abilities, experience, education,
and skills those are needed for a good living in big cities. For instance, they
can’,t provide housing or maybe they can’,t find any job. And then they just
stranded with the option of staying in cities or coming back home.
As the result of urbanization, cities have more problems to overcome such as
pollution, overpopulation, drug abuse, congestion, crime, poverty, traffic jam,
slum areas, and many more. There must be something to solve these problems.
Government and citizens should be involved because taking care of city problems
can’,t be done entirely by government. The community can be even more successful
because it deals directly with problem areas.
As the solution to solve those problems government can provide housing, create a
new regulation transmigration program, provide skills training program, or start
to develop in rural areas. Beside that, citizens can help to suceed
government’,s programs with giving charity, offering some good job to jobless
people, becoming foster parents who subsidize the education fee for
underpriviledge children, or offering a low cost housing for homeless people.
Last of all, urbanization not only impacts a better future than living in a
village, but also worse. Villagers must consider about their ability to deal
with a living in problem-ridden city before they intend to move to big cities.