CHILD LABOR IN PAKISTAN

(Rizwan Arshad, Lahore)

Child Labor is one of the ever growing social problems faced by Pakistan since time immemorial. This causes adverse impact on mental, physical, moral, and social life of children. In India the figure of child labor has crossed above 44 million, in Pakistan it is from 8 to 10 million, in Bangladesh 8-12 million, in Brazil 7 million, whereas it is 12 million in Nigeria. Unfortunately with the passage of time, there is an increase in child labor, ranking Pakistan on third position of child and forced labor. According to an estimate of Child Rights Movement (CRM) National Secretariat, 12.5 million children in Pakistan victimized in forced labor.


Causes


According to an estimate by International Labor Organization (ILO), poverty is the primary and major reason behind the menace of child labor. Talking about Pakistan, the country has high per capita of approximately $ 1900. The daily wages of a middle class person in Pakistan is around $ 6 on average. An average Pakistani has to feed nine or ten people with this minimal wage.Another big cause of child labor is high rate of inflation. In the year 2008, 17.2% of the total country’s population lives below poverty line. This is the lowest figure in the history of Pakistan. Due to immense poverty prevailing in the country, parents urge their children to work in order to reach the target of take-home salary.


According to a research conducted by Akhtar, Fatima, &Sadaqt, another main cause of child labor in Baluchistan’s fishing sector was the low quality of education, lack of job opportunities, and lack of economic progress in the region. High dropout rates and low literacy rates is the major highlight in the province. Making on effective policies on quality education can considerably reduce the ever growing rate of child labor.


Child Labor in Pakistan


In Pakistan children aged 5-14 are above 40 million.During the last year, the Federal Bureau of Statistics released the results of its survey funded by ILO’s IPEC (International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor). The findings were that 3.8 million children age group of 5-14 years are working in Pakistan out of total 40 million children in this age group; fifty percent of these economically active children are in age group of 5 to 9 years. Even out of these 3.8 million economically active children, 2.7 million were claimed to be working in the agriculture sector. Two million and four hundred thousand (73%) of them were said to be boys.

 

Steps Taken by Government on Child Labor in Pakistan


There are number of lawsregarding the prohibition of child labor, or regulating the working conditions for adolescent workers. The most significant laws are:


• The Factories Act 1934

• The West Pakistan Shops and Establishments Ordinance 1969

• The Employment of Children Act 1991

• The Bonded Labor System Abolition Act 1992

• The Punjab Compulsory Education Act 1994

• The Employment of Children Rules 1995


Constitutional Provisions 


Article 3: the state shall ensure the eradication of all forms of exploitation and the regular fulfillment of fundamental principle, from each according to his ability and to each according to his work.


Article 11(3): No child below the age of 14 years shall be engaged in any factory or mine or any other hazardous employment.

Article 25(A): The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such manner as determined by law.

Article 37(e): The state shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work, ensuring that women and children are not employed in vacations unsuited to their age or sex, and for maternity benefits for women in employment.

 

Child labor remains one of the major problems troubling Pakistani children. Many laws have been passed in an attempt to limit or eradicate this menace from our society. Unfortunately, these laws are globally ignored. Around 11 million children between 4 – 14 age groups are behind the operations of country’s factories, working in even hazard conditions.


Minimum Work Age in Pakistan


According to Employment of Children Act 1991 a “child” is categorized as a person below 14 years of age and an “adolescent” is below 18 years of age. The Constitution of Pakistan also regards the minimum work age as 14 years. However, the 18th amendment has actually risen the minimum age up to 16 years without amending the labor laws, this has increased the contradiction. Article 25(A) of the Constitution says that the state now has to provide compulsory education to all children between the ages of five and sixteen years, which means that, a child can’t be allowed to work before 16 years of age.

 

There are certain exceptions to this law. It says clearly that no child has to be employed in any occupation which is hazardous for children except the family business or in any (training) school established, assisted and recognized by the government.

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Reviews & Comments
I don't think so the Government implement in any one step which is mentioned in this Child Labor article. The minimum work of age in Pakistan is fourteen years, but we see that many under age children works in many restaurants and workshops for the sake of money.
By: zubair, khi on May, 11 2017
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I think we have to organize the seminars and different sorts of programs to give the awareness for the poor parents who encourage the child labor. Due to the poverty and the illiteracy the ratio of child labor in Pakistan is more than the other countries.
By: Nadeem, khi on Apr, 10 2017
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It is also a fact that there are many children who play a key role in sustaining the economically life of their family without which, their families would not be able to make ends meet.
By: javairia, faislabad on Jan, 09 2017
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This page is really best that they can provide me the great information about the new technologies and up to date me with these things which I really like
By: Tahir, Karachi on Jan, 04 2017
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This is good point to make an good article and peoples will read that in very interest and I read this type of articles usually
By: nosheen, multan on Jan, 04 2017
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Children are the flowers of heaven. They are the most beautiful and purest creation of God. They are innocent both inwardly and outwardly.
By: nabeela, san francisco on Jan, 01 2017
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Usually I read this articles by this site because they all has the interest topics which we can must read that so that’s why I read it
By: ureeda, lahore on Dec, 29 2016
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The standard national system of education is mainly inspired from the system. This system starts from Pre-school education after pre-school education, students go through junior school .
By: imtiaz, fujairah on Dec, 28 2016
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On this page has the speech about the children’s and many peoples must read that for him children’s because this is the most important thing of him future
By: naveed, pindi on Dec, 27 2016
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There is no implementations of Law and order conditions in Pakistan that is why the graph level of Child Labor is also increasing more and more. Inflation is also the main reason of child labor, some poor parents are also forced their children for labor.
By: Yousuf, khi on Dec, 24 2016
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Child labour in Pakistan can't be cater until govt focus on living standards of poor peoples. There are different classes in Pakistan. People from lower class can't afford basic things so they send there children for work to live there life.
By: Moin, Lahore on Dec, 17 2016
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Child labour is a curse in our society, we have to get rid of this by helping these children near us. It's also our religious obligation to help poor people. So make sure to help them even a child. You will get reward from All mighty Allah
By: Amir, Karachi on Aug, 19 2016
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well it is vary informative and knowledgeable artical for the society because now a days child labor is the global issue not locale especially this artical helps me for my thesis i really appreciate you and thought thanks and carry on for the betterment of the society.
By: asmat, killa saif ullah on Oct, 11 2015
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i really agree with you and it really affects me when i saw child doing work in their earlier age
In Pakistan the Education should be equal for every one being a Muslim there should be equalize environment we should protect child from this... Pakistan is free so why we are not Free From These curse women should be protected child should be Free and get eduction Islam doesnt teach us this Islam is pure and We are Muslim so where is purity in us???
By: ali, lahore on Sep, 04 2015
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thanks for this great effort of writing the article about child labor
By: shafi, bahawalpur on Aug, 23 2015
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amazing article it helped me so much. this is a very serious/important subject and you explained what it is and everything else so perfectly.
By: Fionn Murphy, Portland on Apr, 27 2015
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3 Like
child labor is a very shaking activity for any nation over the world but unfortunately it increases day by day.By such kind of act innocent sons of over nation lost all of their dreams and become the victim of "child labor". We and our Government should pay ahead on this and make steps to reduce "child labor" whoever the flowers of over nation enjoy their childhood.............
By: Mohsin Ali, Hafizabad on Mar, 27 2015
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3 Like
we can minimise child labor if we take responsibility of one poor child's to educate him and pay for his school fee and other expenses as well as educate his family in regard of generl hygiene and importance of education ,family planning,after all we spend a lot of money on our own childrens education we have millions people among us who can do this n play their role to minimise this curse from society.thanx
By: zahida iqbal, karachi on Mar, 06 2015
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Was this solution successful? There are many solutions out there but not all of them actually helped the children in poorer countries.
By: Skyla Morson, edmonton on Dec, 08 2014
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It is fact that our ruler claim to stop this system but in their houses there. are many children who work like servant if leaders work like this than how we can break this system pleas give value to future of nation children by Ali Asghar Umerkot
By: Ali Asghar , Umerkot on Oct, 11 2014
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