Problems of Education in Pakistan

(naughtyshakil, pesh)

Introduction

In different reports the ministry of education claimed that literacy in Pakistan is over 50%, but open sources disagree with it and they say that it merely 35%. During the year 2003-04 the literacy rate is placed at 54 %( male 66%;female 42%). (The development of education in Pakistan National report of MoE, July 2004). The literacy rate claimed includes the people who can only write their name or they can read newspaper or simple sign boards/advertising boards. Different steps are taken to improve this situation but situation seems to improve very little. The U.N. Development Programs 2004 Human Development Report assigns Pakistan. The lowest “education index” of any country form outside Africa. (W.B., Report, September 2004).

The current situation remains as dismal as ever: Pakistan spent 2.06% of its GDP on education in 2000-1(world standards are 5%) – (Pakistan’s primary education system ranks among the world’s least effective …… Pakistan is one of only 12 world countries that spend less than 2% of its GNP on education….Pakistan’s adult literacy rate is about 40% and is much lower among females (CRS Report for Congress Education Reform in Pakistan December 23, 2004),the lowest in over a decade, and allocated 2.3% for 2001-2002 (the same as in 1997-98). The Pakistan Economic Survey 2000-2001 somberly observed that “one of the factors in the slow improvement in the education indicators has been the low level of public expenditure on education” and hence “the declining trend in the financial allocations (as a % of GDP) to the education sector is a major cause of concern”. Pakistan has abysmal history of implementation of education policies; there is a need for an outcry by all concerned individuals at the appalling record of military and democratic governments in the field of education.

Main Problem

The main problem is that we have to make two important changes we need,

(i) Teachers Not Cheaters
(ii) Leaders Not Dealers

Teachers Not Cheaters

You can see that there is no difference between spelling of teachers and cheaters. In our society there are more cheaters than teachers. Every one want to deceive other .He who has knowledge don’t give its knowledge to others. Irrespective of the fact that if you provide knowledge to others it increases.

We have great teachers with big degrees form national and foreign universities but they don’t want to convey their knowledge or experience to other’s .The students also understands it sometimes they also protests but they have no other choice.

Especially we have cheaters in our private sector they (at junior level) are just matriculate or third divisioners who don’t know how to teach but they are going on with this. The owner’s of the institution know the situation but they seek their benefit in it as they have to pay a little to them.

If you go to examination hall you will be astonished to see that there will be many teachers who will be there only to pass illegal material to the students(from outside the hall). Also in some institutions the owner’s of the institution encourage the teachers who helps their students getting good marks .in some institution owners hire these types of teachers who are considered experts in these kind of activities.

The students run after tuitions/tutors immediately after school time. Because they feel and some time their parents are not satisfied with the teaching at school. That shows lank of transmission of knowledge at school. In tutors we have three types of tutors;
(i) Professional tutors: - They are in fact tutors they work hard and transfer their knowledge to their students. Some time they belong to a college and some time they are full time tutors
(ii) Formula tutors: - They are tutors who have some formulas to pass the exam with relatively good marks. Their demand is very high because most of our students want to clear the exam what ever the marks/division they have.
(iii) School tutors: - They are in fact the teachers of that school in which the student is studying. The student goes to these types of tutors just to get some help in the exam .these type of tutors prepare the student according to the paper.
Many of our teachers are not honest to their work because they think they are under paid .as they have less pay they do less work. I think this is their fault if they are not satisfied with their pay they can leave and find another job. If they accept this situation then it is their obligation to work properly.

Leaders Not Dealers

Now I want to start with almost the same lines as I used in the previous start. You can see that there is no difference between spelling of leaders and dealers. In our society there are more dealers than leaders.

The fact is that it happens in all areas of life and we know that but we can not do any thing. From education to highest level politics we have lack of leaders and abundance of dealers. These dealers are not afraid or ashamed of dealing in and selling any thing. They just want their profit no matter how and from where it comes. Even they don’t care how much it costs others.

I want to talk about the leadership in education sector. We have no leadership whatsoever in education sector. You can see the situation of budget allocation for education. Every year the sizes of education budget decreases despite of increasing population.we have only one person who increased the budget for education dramatically.

General Pervaiz Musharraf was the only leader who increased the budget for education (I am not a political person and also not a fan of Musharraf).I think that he is the only person who facilitate the education sector, in his reign almost hundred universities got charter. He worked hard, and fortunately he got a good team, for the betterment of the situation of higher education in the country.

On the other side we have dealers who try to amass wealth by entering the education sector. They have opened schools, colleges and also universities. This is not the end they have their printing press also and they are printing the books for their own institutions to get as much as possible from this sector and also as quickly as possible.

Our dealer type leaders are compelling students to use guides to get good marks also some teachers suggest that this is a good guide and that is not the good one. I am also a teacher but I have never asked any of my students to use a guide rather I discourage them. Some teachers encourage cramming to get good result and ignore the future of the students.

Many of our leaders don’t care about the situation of the education system rather they try to destroy it as their wards are studying abroad. They in reality think that the people have no right to get any kind of education (in fact they think that people have no right whatsoever.)

We have also leaders who are dealers of fake degrees (I don’t know why people elect and then reelect them through their vote).________________

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Reviews & Comments
Both Government and Non Government organization making a great role to overcome the Problems of Education in Pakistan. It is hard task because Pakistan clutch into various issues in which terrorism is biggest one.
By: najam, khi on Nov, 16 2017
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There is no any monitory team who monitor the teaching staff of Government schools and colleges especially in small towns of Pakistan where illeteracy rate is so high. I think it is also a big reason to create problems in Pakistan Education.
By: imran, khi on Nov, 14 2017
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I think the funds of Education is just 2.4%, it is cause that many Governments Schools and Colleges couldn’t run there system due to low budget. Those who couldn’t afford private Education they quit to get Education, I think it’s a big Problems of Education in Pakistan.
By: samad, khi on Nov, 14 2017
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Unfortunately the energy crisis in Pakistan also effects about the Education carrer of the students. In present, load shedding create a huge Problem in student life for the preparation and get Education.
By: tahira, khi on Nov, 11 2017
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Education is the key source to make the bright future of any nation but unfortunately Pakistan is struggling in various sectors since independence. Problems of Education is also a main factor in Pakistan.
By: mazhar, khi on Nov, 09 2017
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Actually, the economic situation in Pakistan is under stress and education is the worse effected sector in Pakistan due to the unstable policies of the Government but the private sectors organizations helps to resolve the Problems of Education in Pakistan.
By: sahira, khi on Nov, 07 2017
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For the development a Nation, Education is the key factor but unfortunately Pakistan is the victim of lack of planning in Education. Governement should think that today’s students are tomorrow’s nation builder that’s why it take some steps to solve problems of Education in Pakistan.
By: iffi, khi on Oct, 31 2017
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The Governements and other organizations making an important role to develop the structure of providing quality of Education but much to solve the basic Problems of Education in small towns and villages in Sindh and Punjab.
By: jamshed, khi on Oct, 31 2017
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Some private sources and the welfare organizations of Pakistan doing there jobs to build many schools and colleges in the small towns and villages, I think it helps to build the better future of Education and get rid from the Problems of Education in Pakistan.
By: waseem, khi on Oct, 29 2017
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For every department and every part, it is necessary to be a strong basic structure. Actually, the structure of Government education in Pakistan is not much strong, it is cause Education problems in Pakistan that’s why the illeteracy rate is also high.
By: effi, khi on Oct, 27 2017
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For the success of any country, Education is the key, but due to the negligence of our Government, there are many Problems of Education in Pakistan. Many private Educational systems are running just for the purpose of commercialism that’s why it becomes far away from the range of the middle class.
By: usaid, khi on Oct, 25 2017
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Due to the unnecessary priorities of the Government, the Education sector of Pakistan is in the stress. Problems of Education especially for the middle class is quite difficult. To under control this matter, the Government and Private sectors should be develop the basic structure of Education.
By: fatima, khi on Oct, 23 2017
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Thanks for sharing the main problems of education, this article is very helpful in my Css exam, we all have to struggle to litrate the every Pakistani and makes everyone proud to be Pakistani
By: Arbab, Karachi on Oct, 16 2017
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Problems of Education system of Pakistan need fresh reforms, and improvement. I would suggest every Pakistani to work for the betterment of Pakistan. Please educate your children. May Allah Bless us all.
By: Wahida, Karachi on Oct, 12 2017
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Many of the Non Government trusts and Welfare organizations make an important role to develop the infra structure of Education in both rural and urban areas of Pakistan, it impacts will positive which you can see that in future.
By: Yahya, khi on Oct, 10 2017
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Problems of Education has been on growing rate as still in 2017, many people are not interested in educating their children especially girls in rural areas. We need to sit and make strong policies to overcome problems of education.
By: Mehrab Khan, Lodhran on Sep, 27 2017
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Problems of Education in Pakistan is something we have been struggling from since ages. Since 70 years of independence, we have been the victim of illiteracy which is the backbone of every problem in our country.
By: Raheem Khan, Peshawar on Sep, 25 2017
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you done a wonderful job.
i really like it.
these are true realities of our lives
By: Maryam, lahore on Nov, 23 2015
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