Education System in Pakistan

(Dr Qaisar Abbas Janjua, Chiniot)

Education system in Pakistan is governed by Federal Educational Ministry and provincial governments. It is mandatory in the Constitution of Pakistan to provide free and compulsory education to all children between the ages of 5-16 years and promote adult literacy.
The education system in Pakistan is generally divided into five levels:-
1) Primary (Grades one to Grade 5)
2) Middle (Grades six to Grade 8)
3) High (Grade Nine to Grade 10) Also known as Secondary
4) Intermediate (Grade eleven to 12) Also known as Higher Secondary
5) University (Undergraduate and Graduate degree)
(14 to 16 Years of Education)

1) Primary Level of Education

 


The standard national system of education is mainly inspired from the British System. Pre-School education is designed for 3-5 years old and usually consists of three stages (Play Group, Nursery and Kindergarten (KG)). After pre-school education, students go through junior school from grade 1 to 5. Only 80% of Pakistani children finish primary school education.

2) Middle Level of Education

After passing grade 5 Examination which is conducted by the Punjab Examination Commission Lahore, students are promoted in to Middle Level ie grade 6 to 8. At middle level single-sex education is usually preferred by the community but co-education is also common in urban cities of the Pakistan.

Subject Taught at Middle Level of Education:

At middle level of education the eight commonly examined subjects are Urdu, English, Mathematics, Arts, Science, Social Studies, Islamiyat and sometime Computer Studies. Some institutes also give instruction in foreign languages such as Turkish, Arabic, Persian, French and Chinese. The language of instruction depends on the nature of the institution itself, whether it is an English medium school or an Urdu medium School.

3) High/Secondary Level of Education

After passing grade 8 Examination which is conducted by the Punjab Examination Commission Lahore, Students are promoted to High/Secondary Level ie grade 9 to 10 which is also known Secondary School Certificate (SSC). Students are required to pass a national examination administered by a regional Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education (BISE). Upon successful completion of these two examination, they are awarded a SSC Certificate. This locally known as “Matriculation”.

Subject Taught at Secondary Level of Education:

The curriculum usually includes a combination of eight courses including elective subject such as (Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Computer) as well as compulsory subject such as (Mathematics, English, Urdu, Islamiyat and Pakistan Studies).

4) Intermediate/Higher Secondary Level of Education

The students are promoted to grade 11 after passing of grade 10. Upon successful completion of grade 11 and grade 12 Examination by the BISE, students are awarded the Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC). This level of education is also called the FSc/FA or “Intermediate”. There are many groups that students can choose for their 11 and 12 grades, such as pre-medical, pre-engineering, humanities and commerce.

 


 

Subject Taught at Intermediate/Higher Secondary Level of Education:

At Intermediate level each group consists of three elective and as well as three compulsory subject of English, Urdu, Islamiyat(grade 11 only) and Pakistan Studies (Grade 12 only).

6) University Level of Education (Undergraduate and Graduate degree)

After earning HSSC (Higher Secondary School Certificate), students may study in a professional college/University for Bachelor’s degree courses such as engineering (B.Engg/BS Engg), medicine (MBBS), dentistry (BDS), veterinary medicine (DVM), law (LLB), architecture (B.Arch), pharmacy (Pharm-D) and nursing (B.Nurs). These courses require four or five years of study. There are some councils and boards that will handle all the educational matters in these cases and they are known as the PMDC, Pakistan pharmacy council and Pakistan nursing council. Students can also attend a university for Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc), Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com).

At university level there are two types of Bachelor courses in Pakistan: Pass or Honors. Pass degree requires two years of study and students normally read three optional subjects (such as Chemistry or Economics) in addition to almost equal number of compulsory subject such as English and Pakistan Studies. Honours degree required three or four years of study, and students normally specialize in a chosen field of study such as Microbiology (BS Hons. Microbiology).

After successful completion of B.A,B.Sc, students enrolled in Master degree programme that require 2 years education to get the Master degree. Masters in Philosophy (M.Phil) is available in most of the subject and can be undertaken after doing Masters. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) education is also available in selected areas and is usually pursued after earning a M.Phil degree. Students pursuing M.Phil or PhD degree must choose a specific field and a university that is doing research work in that filed. M.Phil and PhD education in Pakistan requires minimum of 2 years of study.

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Reviews & Comments
It is mandatory in the Constitution of Pakistan to provide free and compulsory education to all children between the ages of 5-16 years and promote adult literacy.
By: farah, khi on Apr, 17 2018
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Sixteen years tenure of Bachelor Education is the standard which recognized on international level, I think Pakistan have to build the same structure in both Private and Government sectors which helps to improve Education standard.
By: amina, khi on Apr, 03 2018
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The standard national system of education is mainly inspired from the British System. Pre-School education is designed for 3 years old and usually consists of three stages Play Group, Nursery and Kindergarten.
By: Shumail, Lahore on Feb, 19 2018
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The education system in Pakistan isnt correct however many NGOs are working on it to improve the system but no success so far.
By: Sana, Karachi on Feb, 11 2018
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All the universities in Pakistan especially that ones who comes under the supervision of Govt of Pakistan are offers very pathetic services to the students due to which students faces major problem while getting their degrees, transcript and exam form submissions.
By: Rehma, Karachi on Jan, 29 2018
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This system is miserably failing due to improper supervision and corruption from top to bottom. It needs to be made better.
By: Wahida, Karachi on Jan, 21 2018
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This education infrastructure is very effective if built and applied properly. But its sad when all the best tools are there but aren’t utilized to the fullest. I am an undergraduate student at an elite university but most of other institutions don’t take Education very serious.
By: kashif, lahore on Jan, 16 2018
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All the stages of Education system in Pakistan is good, but need to be a proper management and proper institution where we lack, I think we are also lacking to give technical education and training to the students.
By: ALI HAMZA, HYDRABAD on Jan, 16 2018
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Nice article explaining the educational system. There are a lot of flaws in the system but some amends can turn the whole system around.
By: Sarim, lahore on Jan, 13 2018
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It’s a nice article explaining basic structure of our education system. I think this system is weakest at the Base. Strengthening our Primary level will solve many issues.
By: kashif, lahore on Jan, 10 2018
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System of education in Pakistan is good, but due to ill supervision and corruption, this system is miserably failing, specially in rural areas. Small cites and villages lack basic education facilities which makes 70% population illiterate.
By: Ayesha, Karachi on Jan, 08 2018
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All the six stages of Education system in Pakistan are very strong, but lack of proper practicing institution where the students can practice about what they learn and shows their abilities to be a be a better part of the state.
By: ayesha, khi on Dec, 27 2017
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For the success and improvement of everything, it is necessary to monitor, but in Pakistan education system, there are no any monetary policy and no quality control department who looks over the facts and figures that's why there are certain Problems are generating in the Education in Pakistan.
By: ashraf, khi on Dec, 23 2017
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The education system of Pakistan is good, but need a better management and better organization those who make their role to monitor the implementation of the system in every small region or districts as well in major cities of Pakistan.
By: noorain, khi on Dec, 18 2017
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Education system in Pakistan lack of proper planning and the policies of the Government, even the Government don't know the actual rates of Education system those running in Pakistan that's why the annual budget of Education is quite low as compare to the other country's budget of Education.
By: yasir, khi on Dec, 13 2017
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All the stages of Education system in Pakistan is good, but need to be a proper management and proper institution where we lack, I think we are also lacking to give technical education and training to the students. This system should be compulsory in the Education system in Pakistan.
By: saima, khi on Dec, 06 2017
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Different Education System works in Pakistan, but normally our Education system is divided into five stages, but it is the duty of the Government to provide economic incentives to the students may encourage the parents to send their children to school and may help in reducing the dropout ratio.
By: bilal, khi on Nov, 28 2017
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Due to the corruption in an Educational department, the stages where student need many facilities cannot available for the middle class. In Pakistan, the Education after higher secondary is quite expensive .
By: arif, khi on Nov, 17 2017
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Need more improvement in the standard of higher secondary education system in Pakistan because this level of Education helps to judge him/her self about which faculty will good for the better future where the student can persuade there ability.
By: shabeer, khi on Nov, 14 2017
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The way of Education system in Pakistan is going to improve, I especially noted that the criteria of taking board exams is quite change. Peoples give there papers on MCQs base, it reduce the chances of cheating as well and enhance the ability to learn.
By: aqeel, khi on Nov, 14 2017
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