Great Inventions by Muslim Scientists


Islamic inventions and developments are responsible to many of the products we now take for granted. Muslims, especially in the old days have proven themselves to be a people of great ingenuity and innovation. There has been some debate among historians as to whether Muslims were indeed the earliest inventors of all the concepts listed below, but whether they were indeed the first, or just contributed to an on-going development process of these discoveries – their innovation and discoveries are fascinating. Discussed below are some of the most interesting and famous discoveries and innovations, attributed to people of the Islam.


It is an Arab who was said to have been one of the first to discover the invigorating effects of coffee when he found his goats becoming lively after eating coffee berries. One of the first documented records of coffee drinking was that of Sufis who drank the brew in order to keep themselves from sleeping during prayer vigils. By 1645, coffee was introduced in Venice, and by 1650, it has found its way to England, where it spread to other parts of Europe and the rest of the world.

Ornamental gardens

Gardens were already present in medieval Europe, although they were simply used for the function of cultivating vegetables and herbs. The Arabs invented the idea of gardens as a place of meditation and beauty. Europe saw its first royal pleasure garden in Spain when it was occupied by the Moors in the 11th century. The tulip and the carnation are flowers which had their origins in Muslim gardens.



A thousand years before the Wright brothers a Muslim poet, astronomer, musician and engineer named Abbas ibn Firnas made several attempts to construct a flying machine. In 852 he jumped from the minaret of the Grand Mosque in Cordoba using a loose cloak stiffened with wooden struts. He hoped to glide like a bird. He didn’t. But the cloak slowed his fall, creating what is thought to be the first parachute, and leaving him with only minor injuries. In 875, aged 70, having perfected a machine of silk and eagles’ feathers he tried again, jumping from a mountain. He flew to a significant height and stayed aloft for ten minutes but crashed on landing – concluding, correctly, that it was because he had not given his device a tail so it would stall on landing. Baghdad international airport and a crater on the Moon are named after him.

Pin-Hole Camera

The ancient Greeks thought our eyes emitted rays, like a laser, which enabled us to see. The first person to realise that light enters the eye, rather than leaving it, was the 10th-century Muslim mathematician, astronomer and physicist Ibn al-Haitham. He invented the first pin-hole camera after noticing the way light came through a hole in window shutters. The smaller the hole, the better the picture, he worked out, and set up the first Camera Obscura (from the Arab word qamara for a dark or private room). He is also credited with being the first man to shift physics from a philosophical activity to an experimental one.



The year 634 saw the invention of the windmill. It was initially offered to a caliph in Persia for drawing water for irrigation and grinding corn. The invention of the windmill was an important development that helped produce power in a land where water was scarce and power sources to reach those waters were similarly in short supply. The first windmills were made of six or twelve sails that were covered in palm leaves or fabric. Five hundred years had passed before Europe had its first windmill.

Numerical Numbering

The system of numbering in use all round the world is probably Indian in origin but the style of the numerals is Arabic and first appears in print in the work of the Muslim mathematicians al-Khwarizmi and al-Kindi around 825. Algebra was named after al-Khwarizmi’s book, Al-Jabr wa-al-Muqabilah, much of whose contents are still in use. The work of Muslim maths scholars was imported into Europe 300 years later by the Italian mathematician Fibonacci. Algorithms and much of the theory of trigonometry came from the Muslim world. And Al-Kindi’s discovery of frequency analysis rendered all the codes of the ancient world soluble and created the basis of modern cryptology.

Rate it:
Total Views: 3818
16 Nov, 2012
More Featured ArticlesView all Featured Articles

The Truth About Vitamin E Oil

Samsung Galaxy S6 Edge and Samsung Galaxy S6 – Elegance Personified

Top 10 Fastest Roller Coasters in the World
Share Comments Share Comments
Email to a Friend
Print Article Print Article
Reviews & Comments Reviews & Comments
Great post, keep it up hamariweb!
By: Hasnain Aashfaq, ISLAMBAD on Nov, 15 2014
Reply Reply
0 Like
Muslims must be rather desperate to include "coffee" and "ornamental gardens" among the "scientific discoveries of Islam"....
By: Eric B, France on May, 08 2014
Reply Reply
0 Like
Its should be continue
By: moniruzzaman, khulna on May, 06 2014
Reply Reply
0 Like
Post your Comments Select Language:    
Type your Comments / Review in the space below.
Recent Featured Articles

Most Viewed (Last 30 Days | All Time)
UC Browser Significantly Outperforms On Next Generation Mobile Networks

 Search Articles [Urdu/English]
Urdu keyboard
English     Urdu - اردو

Article Categories
Politics (18352) سیاست
Society and Culture (9636) معاشرہ اور ثقافت
Religion (7394) مذہب
Literature & Humor (2469) ادب و مزاح
Other/Miscellaneous (2398) متفرق
Education (1951) تعلیم
Health (1275) صحت
Famous Personalities (1120) مشہور شخصیات
Science & Technology (1060) سائنس / ٹیکنالوجی
Novel (518) افسانہ
True Stories (484) سچی کہانیاں
Sports (402) کھیل
Books Intro (363) تعارفِ کتب
Poetry (262) شعر و شاعری
Kids Corner (248) بچوں کی دنیا
Entertainment (242) انٹرٹینمنٹ
Career (221) کیریر
Travel & Tourism (216) سیر و سیاحت
Arts (49) ہنر
Military Democracy (22) سول فوجی جمہوریت
اہم خبریں
More News
Samaa TV Live at Hamariweb.com

Recently Commented Most Commented
Featured Articles in Urdu

More On Hamariweb
News Home
Latest News
Student News
Science & Technology
World News
English Urdu Dictionary
Arabic Urdu Dictionary
Spanish Urdu Dictionary
Hindi Urdu Dictionary
French Urdu Dictionary
German Urdu Dictionary
Live Cricket
Cricket Highlights
Dream Team
Player Profiles
Sports News
Sports Games
Mobile Phones
Mobile Games
Mobile Softwares
SMS Messages
Web Directory
Edu Directory
Important Phone No.
Postal Codes
Country Codes
City Codes
Online Audio Quran
Quran Recitation
Online Naats
Islamic Names
Islamic Articles
Islamic Wallpapers
Biz News
Stock Exchanges
Business Directory
Forex Rates
Gold Rates
Prize Bonds
Jobs in Pakistan
House For Sale
Furniture For Sale
Mobiles for Sale
Bikes For Sale
Cars For Sale
Society and Culture
Literature & Humor
Love / Romantic
Other Sections
Urdu Search
My Report
Food & Recipes
Academic Results

Career Counseling
Weather Updates
Free Softwares
Desktop Wallpapers
Greeting Cards
Urdu Editor
About us | Contact Us | Feedback | Advertising | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Jobs @ Hamariweb
Copyright © 2015 HamariWeb.com All Rights Reserved.
Post Article