Shah Jahan – Creator of Taj Mahal

(Washma Khan, Moscow)

Shah Jahan
Born On: January 5, 1592
Died On: January 22, 1666
Achievements: Founder of the magnificent monument Taj Mahal, Also associated with the Red Fort of Delhi, Jama Masjid of Delhi, Section of Agra Fort, the Wazir Khan Mosque and the Moti Masjid in Lahore, Pakistan.

 


Shah Jahan, his name along with the name of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, being synonymous with the existence and ever growing popularity of Taj Mahal, was a Mughal Emperor of the Southern Asia who reigned from 1627 to 1658. Born as Prince Shihab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram in the Lahore, Pakistan of 1592, Shah Jahan was the son of Emperor Jahangir. His name Khurram, which means "joyful" in Persian, was given to him by his grandfather Akbar the Great. Displaying great military skills at an early age against numerous enemies including Mewar, the Lodi in the Deccan, and Kangra, impressed his father so much that Shah Jahan received the title "Shah Jahan Bahadur" from him. He wasn't just a sharp military leader, but also had an exceptional talent for building and proved it by re-designing buildings within the Agra fort. Among many titles he had earned, "The Builder of the Marvels" was one that was about to be proved the most deserving in the time to come.

The most significant part of Shah Jahan's life history began in 1607 when he was 15 and was betrothed to Arjumand Banu Begum, the granddaughter of a Persian noble and was just 14 at that time. After they got married in 1612, Arjumand became the unquestioned love of his life. Khurram, upon finding her appearance and character elect among all the women of the time, bestowed her with the title of Mumtaz Mahal, meaning "Jewel of the Palace". Although Mumtaz was one among the few wives Shah Jahan had had, according to the official court chronicler Qazwini, the relationship with his other wives "had nothing more than the status of marriage. The intimacy, deep affection, attention and favor which His Majesty had for the Cradle of Excellence (Mumtaz) exceeded by a thousand times what he felt for any other". She was his inseparable companion, accompanying him even on military ventures, a trusted confidante and their relationship was intense.

 


 

After she died in 1631 while giving birth to their 14th child, Shah Jahan undertook the work of constructing world's most beautiful monument in her memory. This monument, which entombs Mumtaz Mahal as well as Shah Jahan, came to be known as "Taj Mahal", the building of which took 22 years and 22000 laborers. It was in 1657 that Shah Jahan fell ill, and Dara, Mumtaz Mahal's eldest son assumed responsibility of his father's throne. His other son, Aurangzeb, accompanied by his younger brothers Shuja and Murad marched upon Agra to in order to claim their share. They defeated Dara's armies and declared their father Shah Jahan incompetent to rule and put him under house arrest in Agra Fort. After Shah Jahan died in 1666 in captivity, his body was taken quietly by two men and was laid beside Mumtaz. Apart from the Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Red Fort of Delhi, Jama Masjid of Delhi, Section of Agra Fort, the Wazir Khan Mosque and the Moti Masjid in Lahore, Pakistan, are some of the noble structures associated with the name of Shah Jahan, meaning "King of the World" in Persian.

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Reviews & Comments
Among many titles he had earned, "The Builder of the Marvels" was one that was about to be proved the most deserving in the time to come.
By: Zareen, Karachi on Feb, 19 2018
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I wish if I ever get the chance to visit Taj Mahal with my family. From childhood, I have this craze to visit that place and see the beauty of it.
By: Waniya, Karachi on Feb, 08 2018
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I really want to visit this Mahal once in my lifetime. I have few friends who already visited this place and shared their expeirence with me.
By: Soma, Kashmir on Jan, 30 2018
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Shah Jahan created the ultimate illustration of love. It gives a message that we should all dedicated our lives to people we love and even though they are gone love persists.
By: Sarim, Rawalpindi on Jan, 14 2018
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Nice article about Shah jahan. He is remembered for the love he possessed for his wife. He made an exclusive symbol of love taj Mehal and showed the world that love is the true treasure a man can have.
By: Shazia, lahore on Jan, 12 2018
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The glorious era of Mughal rule is most famous for their unique infrastructures. They left an eternal legacy for the Muslims of all times. Its certainly something to be proud of.
By: kashif, karachi on Jan, 09 2018
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The peoples know Shah Jahan of Taj Mahal, but he also an architecture of the Ref Fort Masjid, its a great Masjid of Old Delhi is the largest in India, with a courtyard capable of holding 25,000 devotees. This Masjid is also a great identities of Mughal Era.
By: akram, khi on Dec, 25 2017
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The fifth Mughal emperor 'Khurram' popularly known as 'Shah Jahan' was constructing the Taj Mahal. Like Mughal's ancestors Shah Jahan had also eager to built arhitectures, but peoples known him as the architecture of Taj Mahal.
By: uzair, khi on Dec, 20 2017
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Mughal Emperor Khurram is the creator of Taj Mahal, usually peoples known him as the name of Shah Jahan. In the Mughal Era, he was the emperor who renewed due to his military commandment ability.
By: safdar, khi on Dec, 10 2017
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Peoples knows Shah Jahan as a creator of Taj Mahal but he loved the field of art like his Grandfather. There are 5 Monuments Built By Shah Jahan other Than Taj Mahal, actually he built Taj Mahal for his love Mumtaz. It is the main reason of the popularity of Taj Mahal.
By: mehwish, khi on Dec, 04 2017
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Grandson of Jahangir, Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal Emperor. He constructed many historical buildings, various architecture mosques, especially the tomb of his wife cause of his popularity in Mughal's era.
By: mehr, khi on Nov, 28 2017
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Shah Jahan was the great architeture, he love to built different art, he built many Mosques and Tombs but the way of his popularity is the tomb of Mumtaz which he built for his wife in Agra.
By: noman, khi on Nov, 17 2017
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Prince Khurram was familiar with the name Shah Jahan, he acquired mastery over Persian language and literature. He established his reputation for being one of the greatest commanders in the empire.
By: abid, khi on Nov, 15 2017
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I love to read the history, my favorite literature is to read the biography of the famous persoanlities for that Google give me this page where I get the brief information about the fifth Mughal Badshah Shah Jahan, he was the grand son of Jahangir.
By: maha, khi on Nov, 14 2017
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Thanking you to give an amazing knowledge about Shah jahan, he was one of the famous Mughal emperor. The main reason of his popularity is Taj Mahal which he built for his lover.
By: arbaz, khi on Nov, 10 2017
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Shahzada Jahangir was one of the famous emperor of Mughlia Era, Shah Jahan was the grand son of him. He was also the fifth emperor of Mughal, he built many historical mosques and buildings which remind us for his emperor.
By: jahangir, khi on Nov, 09 2017
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The tomb of Mumtaz in Agra is the indentification of King Shah Jahan and the Mughalz era. Shahzada Khurram, the fifth emperor was known as the name of Shah Jahan. He was famous due to his military command like his grandfather Jahangir.
By: zahid, khi on Nov, 08 2017
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Shah Jahan conquered the Rajput kingdoms of Baglana and Bundelkhand in the west, he was highly capable military leader, he was responsible for the building of numerous mosques as well Mumtaz Mahal.
By: zubair, khi on Nov, 01 2017
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Shehzada Khurram, one of the Mughal emperor famous by the name Shah Jahan. He was the son of Jahangir. In Lahore, he was also the founder of Moti Masjid but he reason of his popularity is Taj Mahal because he built it for his wife.
By: junaid, khi on Oct, 31 2017
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When you read about the Mughal emperors, you also read about the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. He was the fifth emperor who was famous due to Mumtaz Mahal which he built for his wife in Agra, the name Mumtaz.
By: iqra, khi on Oct, 30 2017
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