Chaudhry Rehmat Ali – The Man Who Coined the Name “Pakistan”

 

Chaudhry Rehmat Ali is a renowned figure of the Pakistan movement. Among other things, he is known for two main reasons. Firstly, he coined the name “Pakistan”, and secondly, for writing an eight-page pamphlet known as “Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever”. There are several facts attached to his life which are not well-known and are often lost in the pages of our history.
 


Early Life & Achievements

He was born on 16 November 1895 in a Punjabi Gujjar family in Hoshiarpur District of Punjab. He graduated from Islamia Madrassa, Lahore in 1918. After teaching at Aitcheson College, Lahore, he joined Punjab University to study Law. In 1930, he moved to England and joined Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

Chaudhry Rehmat Ali published the famous pamphlet”Now or Never” in 1933. The major highlight of this pamphlet is that it is the first time the word Pakistan was used. He also published a book ‘Pakistan, the Fatherland ok Pakistani Nation’ in which he gave the detailed explanation of how he came up with the term Pakistan.

What PAKISTAN means?

The letter ‘P’ in Pakistan is associated with most populated province, Punjab. He asked for the territory proportionate to the population of Muslims.
A’ was taken to represent Afghans/ Pakhtuns. It was the real name of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
K’ is for Kashmir.
I’ represented Iran. In the past when the Persian Empire was attacked by Alexander of Macedonia, he invaded the area which forms Pakistan today. Pakistan was a part of ancient Persia and Persian was the language of the educated.
S’ was for Sindh.
T’ is for Tukharistan. This name is no longer used but the area is now known as Turkmenistan and some other parts of Central Asian states.
A’ is for Afghanistan.
N’ is for Baluchistan, which makes 44% of the landmass of Pakistan.

Struggle for Pakistan

In 1933, he started the Pakistan National Movement in England. He continued publishing some outstanding piece of literature based on his vision for South Asia. Chaudhry Rehmat Ali firmly believed and patiently wanted to have political reforms for Muslims. He believed in unity of Muslim Ummah which was the key element to struggle for a free land.
 


 

His literary work, along with the writings of Allama Iqbal, acted as a channel in the formation of Pakistan. Muslims living in Bengal were suggested a name “Bangistan” for a home land. He also proposed a name “Osmanistan” for a Muslim homeland in Deccan. Dinia is a name which was suggested for South Asia because of the presence of various religions in the region. He is also known for his dedication to the idea of Pakistan. He also argued over the issue of Kashmir and the rights of Muslims in the United Nations on Pakistan’s behalf.

After the Independence

Chaudhry Rehmat Ali was quiet disappointed on severe massacre and mass migrations after the independence of Pakistan. Distribution of areas was also not according to his will. He was a very impulsive and fidgety person. He was against any negotiations with Hindus and that is why he developed the difference of opinion with Muhammad Ali Jinnah. During the Pakistan Movement, he remained in England and came to Pakistan after a year. He strongly criticized Jinnah and the Muslim League for compromising the ‘full idea of Pakistan’ which he gave in his pamphlet.

Death

After Jinnah’s death in 1948, Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan ordered him to leave the country. He died in England on 3rd February 1951 and was buried there.

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Reviews & Comments
Chaudhry Rehmat Ali the person who raised the name of Pakistan for the partition of the Subcontinent in Pakistan National Movement. As a Journalist history will remind us his contribution when you read about the independence of Pakistan.
By: Ali, khi on Apr, 16 2018
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Chaudhry Rehmat Ali believed in unity of Muslim Ummah which was the key element to struggle for a free land for that he did a great part as a journalist.
By: ashraf, khi on Apr, 08 2018
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Contribution for the leaders before the separation is definitely have an importance due to their efforts, later on it cause for the independence of sub-continent. Chaudhry Rehmat Ali was also in one of the renowned leader who named Pakistan and contribute much more.
By: rabiya, khi on Apr, 02 2018
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The man who coined the name Pakistan, Chaudhry Rehmat Ali is forgotten by Pakistanis unfortunately. If you ask any kid these days they are unaware of him and his achievements. This article might help in making them understand.
By: Javed, Karachi on Mar, 10 2018
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Chaudhry Rehmat Ali firmly believed and patiently wanted to have political reforms for Muslims.
By: Hina, Karachi on Feb, 19 2018
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Chaudhry Rehmat Ali published the famous pamphlet Now or Never in the 30s. The major highlight of this pamphlet is that it is the first time the word Pakistan was used.
By: Walija, Karachi on Feb, 14 2018
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Does anyone read his "Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Foreve" pamphlet ? Because I want to read and I am unable to find it online.
By: Raheel, Karachi on Feb, 08 2018
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The team which Quid e Azam had with him by the time of Pakistan, it was one of the powerful team that dint only supports him but gave their very best ideology to make his and Iqbal dream happen.
By: Sarmad, Karachi on Feb, 06 2018
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The philosophy behind the name of PAKISTAN is no doubt one of its kind and Rehmat Ali give the true meaning to our nation by suggesting this name.
By: Alishba, Karachi on Jan, 30 2018
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Chaudhry Rehmat Ali understood all war can’t be won by swords. Some are won by intellect and power of logic. He made words full of wisdom, his weapons.
By: Ghazala, Karachi on Jan, 19 2018
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The philosophy he gave for the name of Pakistan as mentioned in this article is thought provoking. Nice article about him.
By: Ayesha, lahore on Jan, 16 2018
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Though he was a student but he took very active part in the struggle for the establishment of Pakistan. He gathered other students and joint them to Muslim League.
By: sara, Karachi on Jan, 13 2018
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The philosophy behind the word “Pakistan” as presented by Chaudhry Rehmat Ali was certainly mind capturing. Astonishing as it is, he was just a student at the time when he presented the idea “land of the Purest”
By: kashif, lahore on Jan, 10 2018
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As his name suggests, he was truly a Rehmat for the miserable nation.
By: Ayesha, Karachi on Jan, 08 2018
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The famous pamphlets 'Now or Never' by Chaudhry Rehmat Ali in which he wrote the name of Pakistan was later on became a great movement. He was in those lawyers who raised their voice for the independence of Pakistan.
By: zeeshan, khi on Dec, 24 2017
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The era when both Muslims and Hindus did their efforts to get the independence under the British Raj, Chaudhry Rehmat Ali did his all best. He was the writer of the newspaper, in his various columns he raised the voice of an independent.
By: junaid, khi on Dec, 18 2017
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Chaudhry Rehmat Ali was highly qualified leader at the time of Independence movement who brought the concept of the separate nation for the Muslims because he noted that Hindu and the Muslim both are the separate nation.
By: uzair, khi on Dec, 13 2017
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It is quite unfortunate that we forget the leaders and their efforts who made a vital role for the independence, one name Chaudhry Rehmat Ali. He was the great journalist, in many columns he raised the voice for independent.
By: kashif, khi on Dec, 07 2017
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Recently we celebrate the birthday of Chaudhry Rehmat Ali, on his birthday we memorized the efforts for those leaders who did there part for the separation of Hindu and Muslim in the sub continent.
By: zahid, khi on Nov, 28 2017
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Ch. Rehmat Ali was one of the great lawyer, he got his Education from the Cambridge University. He was the writer of many books in which 'Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever?' is very famous.
By: areeba, khi on Nov, 17 2017
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